Universität Bonn

Abteilung für Asiatische und Islamische Kunstgeschichte


Ādinātha Temple

Outside the village of Tirakkol, located on a small hill, is the Ādinātha Temple. It is a simple temple situated on a raised ground but without a compound wall. Inside is the main statue of Ādinātha, an icon of Mahāvira, a large number of metal figures, yakṣas and yakṣīs as well as a gandha-kuṭi frame.

View towards the Ādinātha Temple from the northeast © Julia A.B. Hegewald
View towards the shrine © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Metal statues
Metal statues © Julia A.B. Hegewald


Jaina centres are also often associated with elaborate rock-carvings, dating from the seventh and later centuries, which are not contained in deep caves but represent shallow figural excavations, remaining on the surface of exposed rocky surfaces. In some instances, rock boulders were adorned with Jaina images, as can be seen at Tirakkol. The rock boulder at Tirakkol has been adorned with carved representations of a number of seated and standing Jinas and their attendants.

Rock boulder with carvings © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Standing Pārśvanātha © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Seated Jina © Julia A.B. Hegewald
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