Universität Bonn

Abteilung für Asiatische und Islamische Kunstgeschichte


Neminātha Basti

Typical of Karnataka are Jaina temples with three porches protruding from the hall (maṇḍapa). In many instances, shrines were accomodated in at least one side porch. In the Neminātha Temple at Varanga, such a shrine protrudes from the south side of the temple. This temple is still an active place of worship and preserves a statue in this lateral shrine. The main image chamber (garbha-gr̥ha) is dedicated to the twenty-second Tīrthaṅkara, and the side chapel accommodates a statue of Candraprabhu.

View from the southwest © Julia A.B. Hegewald
View into the hall © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Māna-stambha on the northern side © Julia A.B. Hegewald

Ker̤a Basti

The Ker̤e Basti, better known as the Ker̤a Basti at Varanga, is a relatively small structure. It contains a central sculptural block, which has been fashioned to reveal Pārśvanātha on the east, Neminātha on the south, Śāntinātha on the west and Anantanātha on the north sides. The temple has two internal circumambulation paths (pradakṣiṇā-pathas). It is topped by a double tiled Keralan-style temple roof and has small porches on all four sides. It is striking, that the temple has been constructed on a square island located at the centre of a large lake. As the island is not connected to the land by a bridge, devotees have to reach it by boat.


View from the southeast © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Northeastern corner © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Image of Śāntinātha in the western shrine © Julia A.B. Hegewald

Jaina Maṭha

Jaina maṭha, outside view © Julia A.B. Hegewald
View into the courtyard © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Svāmi's seat © Julia A.B. Hegewald
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