Universität Bonn

Abteilung für Asiatische und Islamische Kunstgeschichte


Caturmukha Basti

The well-known Caturmukha Basti (1586 CE) at Karkal is raised on the summit of a local hill. The temple has a quadruple (caturmukha) temple plan and is surrounded by an open arcaded ambulatory. Three images each face the four cardinal points of direction. The groups of three Jinas facing the four sides are all identical, and represent Aranātha on the left, Mallinātha at the centre, and Munisuvrata to the right.

View from the northwest © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Carved representations of door guardians (dvāra-pālas) © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Icons above the doorway facing the south displaying a Jina and gaja-lakṣmī © Julia A.B. Hegewald

Gommaṭeśvara statue

The monumental Gommaṭeśvara statue at Karkal was installed in 1342 CE at the centre of a large courtyard. It measures about thirteen metres (42 feet) in height. It is one of a large number of comparable statues in this part of India. At the bottom of the hill is an old Jaina maṭha.

Brahma-stambha outside the Gommaṭeśvara enclosure © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Flag pole (dhvaja-stambha) in front of the Gommaṭeśvara statue © Julia A.B. Hegewald
The tall Gommaṭeśvara statue © Julia A.B. Hegewald

Hiriyangali Temple complex

The Hiriyangali or Hiriyangadi Temple complex in Karkal village consists of a large central walled area with a māna-stambha, surrounded by three individually walled temple compounds. These accommodate a total of six major temples, of which one is a double temple, and a further eight smaller shrines and image pavilions. 

Neminātha Basti © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Anantasvāmī Basti © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Śāntinātha Basti © Julia A.B. Hegewald

Jaina Maṭha

Jaina maṭha at the foot of the hill © Julia A.B. Hegewald
Wird geladen